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Implementation of the 2007–2013 period

During the period of 2007–2013, it was possible for Estonia to use support from the European structural and investment funds in the amount of nearly 3.4 billion euros, which is about twice as much as previously. More than half of this support originates from the European Regional Development Fund. In addition to finances allocated from the European Union, Estonia will add its own contribution in the approximate sum of 575 million euros. Agriculture and fisheries support was no longer considered as structural support in the period of 2007–2013.

A national strategy was prepared for using structural instruments in 2007–2013, which is a strategic framework document that acts as a basis for implementing structural instruments. In order to carry out the strategy, socio-economic partners cooperated with the European Commission in order to compile an operational programme, the performance of which will be managed by the following ministries:

  • Operational Programme for Humans Resources Development (Ministry of Education and Research) The volume of the operational programme was over 391 million euros, and it includes plans for the 2007–2013 supporting activities concerning education, R&D, youth work, labour market, entrepreneurship, and increasing administrative capacity, which promote development towards a knowledge-based economy and society. The activities are financed from the instruments of the European Social Fund (ESF).

    • Development of administrative capacity (Ministry of Finance). In order to improve the governance of Estonia, the European Social Fund has supported training and development of the Estonian officials and associations, as well as studies that are of national importance with about 21.6 million euros during 2007–2013.

  • Operational Programme for the Development of the Living Environment (Ministry of the Environment). The operational programme included the infrastructure of water management and waste management, and the development of infrastructures and support systems of sustainable use of environment, education, health care, and welfare. The support of about 1.4 billion euros that was distributed from the operational programme originated from the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) and the Cohesion Fund (CF).

  • The Operational Programme for the Development of Economic Environment (Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications). The operational programme included the support for the development of enterprises and increase in productivity; the development of R&D capacity, tourism, and creative industries; the development of national R&D programmes that are aimed at long-term economic development and the launch of national programmes concerning priority axes; development of transportation infrastructure and information society. The volume of the operational programme exceeds 1.6 billion euros and the support comes from the European Regional Development Fund and the Cohesion Fund.